Elon Musk’s Net Worth, Biography & Investments 2021-2022

Who is Elon Musk?

Elon Reeve Musk FRS is an entrepreneur, investor, and business magnate. He is the founder, CEO, and Chief Engineer at SpaceX; early-stage investor, CEO, and Product Architect of Tesla, Inc.; founder of The Boring Company; and co-founder of Neuralink and OpenAI.

What is Elon Musk’s Net Worth?

Elon Musk is a South African-born Canadian-American businessman, inventor and investor. Elon Musk has a net worth of $290 billion. Though he wears many hats and is constantly topping his latest project, he is currently best-known for being as the CEO and CTO of SpaceX, CEO and chief product architect of Tesla Motors and chairman of SolarCity. He holds the record for being the richest person in the world and the richest person in modern history. As of this writing Elon Musk owns roughly 24% of Tesla’s outstanding shares and 43% of the privately-held SpaceX. In October 2021 Tesla’s market cap broke $1 trillion for the first time. That same month SpaceX raided money at a $100 billion valuation. At this point Elon’s net worth teetered around $300 billion for the first time.

Net Worth:$290 Billion
Date of Birth:Jun 28, 1971 (50 years old)
Height:6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Profession:Aerospace Engineer, Engineer, Entrepreneur, Investor, Designer, Businessperson, Inventor, Film Producer
Nationality:South Africa

Net Worth History

  • On January 1, 2020, Elon’s net worth was $28 billion. He ended 2020 with a net worth of $170 billion.
  • Elon’s net worth topped $70 billion for the first time on July 10, 2020. At that point roughly $15 billion was attributable to the privately-held SpaceX and the remaining $55 billion was from Tesla.
  • On July 13, 2020 when Elon’s net worth hit $80 billion for the first time, $15 billion came from SpaceX and $65 billion came from Tesla.
  • In August 2020 two important factors pushed Elon’s net worth above $90 billion for the first time. First, in mid-August Tesla shares hit an all-time high of $1,900. At that level the company’s total market cap was $350 billion. Elon’s 20% stake was worth $70 billion. The second factor was an increased valuation of SpaceX which was officially confirmed on August 18, 2020. The fundraising round increased SpaceX’s private valuation to $46 billion, up from $36 billion. At a valuation of $46 billion, Elon’s 48% stake adds $22 billion in pre-tax wealth to Elon’s net worth.
  • On November 17, 2020 Elon’s net worth topped $100 billion for the first time. At that point he surpassed Mark Zuckerberg to become the third-richest person on the planet for the first time.
  • On November 24, 2020 Elon’s net worth topped $128 billion for the first time. At that point he surpassed Bill Gates to become to the second-richest person in the world for the first time. On that day he was $54 billion away from Jeff Bezos’ $184 billion net worth and his net worth had officially increased $100 billion since January 1, 2020.
  • On January 7, 2021 Elon’s net worth hit $195 billion. On this day Elon eclipsed Jeff Bezos as the richest person in the world for the first time.
  • On January 8, 2021 Elon ended the week with a net worth of $210 billion after starting the week worth $170 billion.
  • In October 2021 when Tesla’s market cap topped $1 trillion and SpaceX’s valuation was $100 billion, Elon’s net worth was $300 billion.
  • On November 1st, 2021, When Tesla’s market cap topped $1.2 trillion, Elon Musk’s net worth was $335 billion.

Tesla Salary

Elon takes no salary as CEO of Tesla. He instead has a highly unusual and extremely lucrative bonus plan tied to the company’s market cap milestones. When the plan was forged, Tesla was worth around $50 billion. There are 12 total milestones based on $50 billion market cap increases. Elon hit every single milestone and therefore qualified to receive all $100 billion from the bonus plan. Shares related to this plan are released quarterly after the Board of Directors confirms the milestone was achieved.

Early Life

Elon Musk was born June 28, 1971 in Pretoria, South Africa. Musk bought his first computer at the age of 10 and taught himself how to program. When he was 12 he made his first software sale—a game he created called Blaster. At age 17, in 1989, he moved to Canada to attend Queen’s University, but left in 1992 to study business and physics at the University of Pennsylvania. Musk graduated with an undergraduate degree in economics and continued on to earn a second bachelor’s degree in physics then pursued a PhD in energy physics. He dropped out of Stanford University, however, to become a part of the internet boom.


Musk’s first company, Zip2 Corporation, was an online city guide. In 1999 a division of Compaq Computer bought Zip2 for $307 million in cash and $34 million in stock options. Also in 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online financial services/payments company. An X.com acquisition the following year led to the creation of PayPal, as it is known today, and in 2002 PayPal was acquired by eBay for $1.5 billion in stock.

Musk founded his third company, Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX), in 2002 with the intention of building spacecraft for commercial space travel. By 2008, SpaceX was well-established and NASA awarded the company the contract to handle cargo transport for the International Space Station—with plans for astronaut transport in the future.

Next was Tesla Motors, an automobile company dedicated to producing affordable, mass-market electric cars. Tesla was founded in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning. Elon along with Ian Wright and J.B. Straubel were the company’s first employees and retroactively named co-founders.

With a stake in the company taken by Daimler and a strategic partnership with Toyota, Tesla Motors launched its initial public offering in June 2010, raising $226 million. In 2012, Musk and SpaceX made history when the company launched its Falcon 9 rocket into space with an unmanned capsule. In 2013, he released a concept for a new form of transportation called the Hyperloop, intended for travel at speeds greater than 700 mph to commute between major cities. As opposed to railroads, the Hyperloop would use tubes for transportation. Musk says the Hyperloop could take from 7 to 10 years to be built, tested and ready for use.

Elon Musk Net Worth Details

As of this writing, Elon Musk owns 43% of rocket maker SpaceX and 24% of Tesla.

In a 2019 legal deposition, Musk explained that he actually is somewhat cash-poor and that 99% of his personal wealth is attributable to shares in Tesla and SpaceX. The lawsuit also revealed that Musk’s base salary at Tesla is $56,380. He declines the salary in most years. At the time of the lawsuit Musk had $500 million worth of debt with the majority owed to Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs. Roughly least $60 million of his Morgan Stanley debt was home mortgage-related. He has since sold off most of his homes and re-paid this mortgage debt.

He reportedly burned through all of his liquid cash from previous business sales to launch SpaceX.

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Tesla Compensation Plan

In January 2018, the Tesla board unveiled a compensation plan for Musk that would eventually be worth $100 billion. The plan called for Musk to receive up to $100 billion in stock options over a decade in 12-tranches. The first chunk of options were granted once Tesla hits a market cap of $100 billion (roughly double the value when the plan was announced). From that point on, Elon received another of the tranches every time the company increases in market cap by $50 billion.

If he did not achieve any of the 12 tranches, he would have received zero compensation.

Within three years Elon unlocked all 12 tranches of the compensation plan as Tesla’s market cap ultimately zoomed above $1 trillion for the first time in October 2021.

Personal Life

Elon has been married three times, twice to the same woman – actress Talulah Riley. He was married to Canadian author Justine Wilson from 2000 to 2008. They share five sons. He has also been romantically involved with actress Amber Heard and Canadian musician Grimes. In May 2020, Grimes and Elon welcomed a baby boy named X Æ A-Xii.

Real Estate Holdings

Elon previously owned $100 million worth of real estate in California alone. In the Northern California town of Hillsborough he continues to own a 100-year-old, 16,000 square-foot villa that sits on nearly 50-acres. He bought this house for $23.364 million in 2017.

In Southern California he at one time owned six homes in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Bel-Air. His Bel-Air footprint included a 20,000 square-foot house that he bought for $17 million in 2012, a 7,000 square-foot house he bought for $20 million in 2015 and a 9,300 square-foot house he purchased in 2016 for $24.25 million. In 2020 Elon stunned the world by announcing his intention to sell all of his worldly possessions, starting with his LA homes. True to his word, he proceeded to sell off each home. He sold four homes at once to one buyer in December 2020.


Elon Musk’s net worth is $290 billion. As of this writing, that makes him one of the richest people on the planet. Musk’s fortune comes his 24% stake in Tesla and his 43% stake in the privately-held SpaceX. Musk is relatively cash-poor and he has an estimated $500 million worth of debt owed to Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs.

Elon Musk’s Net Worth Is Marching Towards $300 Billion Again

On November 4, 2021 Elon Musk’s net worth briefly topped $340 billion. At that point he became the richest person in modern history.

Fueled by Tesla’s soaring stock price, on that historic day Elon surpassed a wealth record that had been held uncontested by John D. Rockefeller for more than 80 years. [It is generally accepted that Rockefeller’s inflation-adjusted net worth was $340 billion. And for several hours on November 4, as Tesla’s share price was stretched to an all-time high, Elon was comfortably above that number.]

Unfortunately, he did not hold that level for long.

Just five days after topping $340 billion, his net worth was back down to $300 billion. And less than a month later, it was down to $250 billion. He shot back up to $300 billion in early January before sagging all the way back down to $199 billion in late February. There were some small gains over the next two weeks, but his fortune had slid back down to $199 billion when Tesla closed at $766 billion on March 14.

That was 21 days ago.

On Monday April 4, Tesla closed at $1,145. That’s a 50% gain compared to March 14.

And with that increase, Elon’s net worth is back within striking distance of $300 billion. At the market’s close on Monday, April 4, Elon’s net worth was back up to $290 billion.

As of this writing, he is exactly $100 billion richer than Jeff Bezos, the world’s second richest person.

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A New Twitter Investment

And Tesla’s soaring share price isn’t Elon’s only reason to celebrate today.

Back on March 14 when his net worth was sagging down at $199 billion, Elon didn’t just mope around and cry.

On Monday Elon disclosed in an SEC filing that he quietly acquired 9.2% of Twitter on March 14. Using Twitter’s share price at the time, this stake would have cost him $2.3 billion.

When the world got wind of Elon’s investment on Monday, Twitter’s share price sky rocketed. Twitter’s share price ended the day up 27%. At that level the company had a market cap of $40 billion. At a $40 billion valuation, Musk’s 9.2% stake ended Monday worth $3.7 billion. So he’s already gained $1.4 billion on paper from his investment.

Tesla gained 5% on the day. That added around $13 billion to his net worth for a total one-day gain of $15 billion.

Oh and btw. Elon is now Twitter’s largest individual shareholder. The second-largest shareholder is the mutual fund Vanguard.

Perhaps by coincidence, or perhaps 100% intentionally, Elon’s 9.2% stake is exactly four times larger than former CEO Jack Dorsey’s 2.3% stake. But keep in mind, Jack Dorsey derives a minuscule amount of his net worth from Twitter. Jack’s true bread and butter comes from Square.

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